Paul prays that the Ephesian Christians will be strengthened in their inner beings. iv. He digresses at "For this cause," and does not complete the sentence until Ephesians 3:14, where he resumes, "For this cause" - namely, because I know your call of God (Ephesians 2:11-22) to be "fellow-heirs" with the Jews (Ephesians 3:6), "I bow my knees unto" the Father of our common Saviour (Ephesians 3:14-15) to confirm you by His Spirit. This wasabout 61 years after the birth of Christ. ‘In writing to the Ephesians he could not forget that the suspicion of his having taken an Ephesian named Trophimus into the temple with him created the popular disturbance that led to his capture and his final appeal to Caesar, his journey to Rome, and his imprisonment in the imperial city’ (Eadie). . ычникам. The order of Christ"s names is actually reversed in the Greek and should appear as Christ Jesus which gives emphasis to the Messiahship of the Lord and point to the prisonership being due to the Jews actions against him for preaching to the Gentiles a Gospel of Christ. Of course after work, before work, and on break we are free to voice our witness - and we should as we have opportunity. The prisoner of Jesus Christ. It fits the day in the liturgical year because an 'epiphany' is a manifestation of something. Jerome supplies-cognovi mysterium, and Camerarius gives us-hoc scribo. praying that ye may be strengthened with might hy his Spirit, &c.; i.e. He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. It is best to take it as a broken construction, the statement with which Paul begins being, as in so many other cases, diverted into a different channel by the introduction of some subsidiary remark. Afflictions endured in such a cause were no ground of depression, but rather of glory, Ephesians 3:11-13. His unshaken firmness was no small additional proof that he had discharged his office in a proper manner. The phrase occurs quite frequently: ‘He mentions his name, not for personal reasons (Ephesians 3:8), but because of his office and the importance of what he is doing’ (Braune). [200] Codex Claromontanus (sæc. But here, starting at this point from the word. Prisoner’ Christ— Not Cesar’s, but literally Christ’s prisoner. For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, according to the gift of the grace of God, by the effectual working of his power —, am I, Paul, the fettered one of Christ Jesus for the sake of you, the Gentiles, Such is the rich abundance of the apostolic spirit. Here he is turned off from what he meant to say by the polite reference in the clause. Ephesians 3:14 and Titus 1:5. I have for some time been and still am the prisoner of Jesus Christ. I Paul. .—After much discussion of the construction of this verse, there seems little doubt that the nominative, “I, Paul,” must be carried on beyond the digression upon the mystery of the gospel, and his part in ministering it, which follows. —In view of your blessed transition from heathenism to Christ, as pictured in the last paragraph. Where then have we the resumption? How does Paul describe his present situation in Ephesians 3:1 (printed below?) The expression itself is notable. The gen. is probably that of originating cause—one who has been made a prisoner by Christ; cf.2 Timothy 1:8; Philemon 1:9, as also Ephesians 4:1. 1 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, 2 If ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward: 3 How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words, 4 Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ) However, its theological riches do not simply address one historical figure, even one of Paul’s stature. 3 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles— 2 Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me for you, 3 that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. So Tyndale renders it, "For this cause I, Paul, the servant of Jesus, am in bonds." because you Gentiles are fellow citizens of the saints, and specially because you Ephesians are included in the temple of God. To whom Paul was expressly sent, and in preaching to whom he had fallen into the hands of the civil law. Ephesians 2:19-22), especially the closing thought. Ephesians 3:1-6 Missionary to The Gentiles. , Philemon 1:1); not his pre-eminence among the Lord’s prisoners, as if it = the prisoner par excellence (Mey. The special truth, now more plainly revealed than ever before, was the union of the Gentiles with the Jews as joint partakers of the promise of redemption, by means of the gospel, Ephesians 3:5, Ephesians 3:6. Some say that you should witness at work. True he was excited about it, but whether it was merely a rabbit trail or not I am not overly sure. For the idea with which the paragraph closes is that his afflictions were their glory (Ephesians 3:13). The main subject of Ephesians 3:1-13is God’s call to the Gentiles and Paul’s mission as an apostle to take the Good News to the Gentiles. ), a Græco-Latin MS., at Dresden, edited by Matthæi in 1791. I think that verse one tells the Gentiles he was a prisoner for them - as he was a prisoner for the Jews - he is a prisoner because he is preaching the Gospel and in the specific context of Acts it is because of the Jews accusations that he was a prisoner. “In behalf of you Gentiles”: “For the sake of” (NASV). Paul’s imprisonment, which ought to have been held as a confirmation of his apostleship, was undoubtedly presented by his adversaries in an opposite light. 1.For—Paul began his letter with the broad, universal elect, chap. Oxford, 1842. Others make the clause, the prisoner of Christ, to be in apposition to I Paul, and supply the predicate I am a prisoner. [199] Autograph of the original scribe of . 3. ), published in photographic facsimile in 1889 under the care of the Abbate Cozza-Luzi. "For this reason" refers to what Paul had said about God"s blessings that are now the possession of both Gentile and Jewish believers. For this office he was qualified by direct revelation from Jesus Christ, concerning the purpose of redemption, of his knowledge of which the preceding portions of his epistle, were sufficient evidence, Ephesians 3:3, Ephesians 3:4. His reference to himself as Christ"s prisoner for the sake of the Gentiles led him to digress and explain why he was such. The only question which can well be raised is whether the resumption takes place at Ephesians 3:13, “I desire that ye faint not;” or at Ephesians 3:14, “I bow my knees;” and this seems decided for the latter alternative, both by the emphatic repetition of “for this cause,” and by the far greater weight and finality of the latter sentence. Study the bible online using commentary on Ephesians 3 and more! From these words the digression of Ephesians 3:2-13 starts, bringing out the reality and greatness of that mission. This imprisonment had resulted from his service for Christ, specifically his ministry among Gentiles, for which the Jews had mobbed him in Jerusalem (cf. E phesians is one of the most encouraging books in the New Testament. "'Mystery' is the term that runs throughout this passage from Ephesians. For you Gentiles; for your cause and salvation; having preached and declared the grace of God to be free, and to belong to you Gentiles as well as to the Jews, (the middle wall of partition being taken away), and so equalled you with them. When Paul wrote this epistle, he was under house arrest in Rome. v.), at the British Museum, published in photographic facsimile by Sir E. M. Thompson (1879). And this was to call them everywhere to salvation, because God had so determined this from the beginning, although he deferred a great while the manifestation of his counsel. It fits the day in the liturgical year because an “epiphany” is a manifestation of something. The main subject of, as an apostle to take the Good News to the Gentiles. In all his relations he belonged to Christ. Another circumstance greatly fitted to interest the Ephesians was, that the persecutions of Paul were endured for the Gentiles, — that his troubles and dangers were on their account. He reminds his readers of the, was revealed to the apostles and prophets, and his own commission to the service of preaching the Good News to the Gentiles; and to show that God’s grace opened the. (Some authorities read ‘Christ,’ while ‘Jesus Christ’ is not found in any ancient manuscripts.) He was taken first to Cesarea, and then to Rome. 2; and now, chap. Paul revisited the magnificence of God, the plan for Christ to create a Church of all believers, that the fruits of grace are to be shared, that discouragement due to suffering may be evidence of doubts about God’s sovereignty, that faithfulness in suffering may be strong evidence of true salvation, and that we n… Ephesians 3:1-10 Bible Study Questions is the last of 6 parts of The Bible Teaching Commentary that provides study questions on Ephesians 3:1-10 and enable the avid student to detect the powerful message of these verses for himself. 4:8-15. as [198] [199] [200]*[201]; but it is rightly retained by most as found in [202] [203]-corr. Acts 21:21; Acts 21:18; 2 Timothy 1:11-12). The mystery of the Gospel revealed (Ephesians 3:1-13) 1 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles, 2 If ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward: 3 How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words, The *apostle Paul wrote this letter when he wasin a prison in Rome. For you Gentiles.—This was literally true of the origin of his captivity, proceeding as it did from the jealousy of the Jews, excited by the free admission of the Gentiles to the Church; but the reference is not to be limited to this. And the object or design of redemption itself is the manifestation of the wisdom of God to principalities and powers in heaven, Ephesians 3:10. To not witness so that we aren"t spoken ill of, or so that we aren"t thought ill of is not the trait of a believer that is to be the light of the world. And to the application, just when is the last time you suffered so that you could witness to anyone? ', Others supply simply the substantive verb ( εἰμὶ). , a solemn and emphatic designation of the writer by himself, expressive rather of his personal interest in them than the consciousness of his authority (Mey.). ᾿εγὼ παῦλος—“I Paul,” his own name being inserted to give distinctness, personality, and authority to the statement, as in 1 Corinthians 1:12-13; 1 Corinthians 3:4-5; 1 Corinthians 3:22; 2 Corinthians 10:1; Galatians 5:2; Colossians 1:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; Philemon 1:9. But the plain supposition of a long parenthesis renders all such supplements superfluous. It was a busy port and the centre of much trade. It was his office as apostle of the Gentiles which exposed him to persecution, and led to his present incarceration. Well which is it? Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. translation. Here is an old converted Jew writing to Gentiles. 309-310). ), a Græco-Latin MS. at Paris, edited by Tischendorf in 1852. Nay, in writing to the Ephesians he could not forget that the suspicion of his having taken an Ephesian named Trophimus into the temple with him, created the popular disturbance that led to his capture and his final appeal to Caesar, his journey to Rome, and his imprisonment in the imperial city. vi. The sense would then be, ‘I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, am a prisoner, and in bonds for you Gentiles.' vi. And in this case what is revealed has been a mystery. The 8th verse is inseparably connected also with the 6th and 7th verses. But the crowns and sceptres of kings, to say nothing of the imposing splendor of an ambassador, are less honorable than the chains of a prisoner of Jesus Christ. The prisoner of Christ Jesus. Nor does this text only address those who, like Paul, find themselves called to be preachers. I offer the following commentary and summary for Ephesians in this article. (2-13 is a parenthetical statement interrupting his thought in verse one which he goes on in “Any ordinary person would have said that Paul was the prisoner of the Roman government; and so he was. ), for chap. The remarks we have made will show that we regard the construction as broken by a long parenthesis, and resumed in Ephesians 3:14, not at Ephesians 3:8, as OEcumenius and Grotius suppose, nor yet at Ephesians 3:13, as Zanchius, Cramer, and Holzhausen maintain. This letter, in … This is not to say that he didn"t preach to Jews at every opportunity. Ephesians 3:1 Context. EPH. Ephesians sets forth what no other book of the New Testament describes so completely — the nature of the body of Christ, which is the true Church. But there are some commentators who deny that any parenthesis or digression occurs, and for this purpose various supplements have been proposed for the 1st verse. I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ - A prisoner in the service of the Lord Jesus; or made a prisoner in his cause. Once Saul, the synonym of antichristian intolerance, it was now Paul, not merely a disciple or a servant, but-, ὁ δέσμιος τοῦ χριστοῦ ᾿ιησοῦ—“the prisoner of Christ Jesus.” 2 Timothy 1:8; Philemon 1:9. He digresses at "For this cause," and does not complete the sentence which he had intended, until Eph 3:14, where he resumes the words, "For this cause," namely, because I know this your call of God as Gentiles (Eph 2:11-22), to be "fellow-heirs" with the Jews (Eph 3:6), "I bow my knees to" the Father of our common Saviour (Eph 3:14, 15) to confirm you in the faith by His Spirit. These study questions are free to … In verse twenty of the Acts text he says, "For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see [you], and to speak with [you]: because that for the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain.". This chapter is parenthetical, and within it is another parenthesis, verses: Ephesians 3:2-13. In every phase of life he is Christ’s. Paul says, "for this cause" to tie this statement to the previous context - the context of the unity between Jew and Gentile believers and the fact that we are one body, one building, and one church. Commentary, Ephesians 3:1-12, Craig R. Koester, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2008. For this cause, i.e. All the information in between is supposed to be a rabbit trail that he runs off on because he is so excited about the information. It was the capital of the *Roman region calledAsia. i. Later in the Acts passage it is clear that the Jews were deaf to the Gospel, while Paul was commissioned to go to the Gentiles for they will listen. that ye may be further confirmed in the faith of Christ, and more and more built up in him as an habitation of God, Ephesians 2:22. The business people soldmodels of Diana’s *temple there. “The situation which led to Paul"s arrest and subsequent detention in Jerusalem, Caesarea, and Rome arose directly out of his Gentile ministry. 1.For this cause. Not a prisoner for crime or debt, or as a captive in war, but a captive in the service of the Redeemer. —And doubtless no human name so thrilled their hearts at the utterance as this. Men might think otherwise, but it is our duty to judge of the reasons. The glory of Christ not only overcomes the ignominy of the chains, but converts what was in itself a reproach into the highest honor. This first verse is the beginning of a sentence which is virtually resumed and continued at verse Ephesians 3:14, the intermediate verses being an expansion of the idea contained in the words, "for you Gentiles.". This opinion plainly har monizes with the scope and construction of the chapter. 3. It is uttered in the majestic style of their apostle, who, however humble in himself, is authoritative in his divine office. (1) For this cause . This whole chapter is a prayer, but between the first and second words of it, Paul made a characteristic digression in which he gave further teaching on the mystery of redemption (Ephesians 3:1-13), concluding this part of the letter with what has been called "the boldest prayer ever prayed" (Ephesians 3:14-21). (1) He maintains his apostleship against the offence of the cross, upon which he also makes an argument to confirm himself, affirming that he was not only appointed an apostle by the mercy of God, but was also appointed particularly to the Gentiles. It was preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles which brought down upon him the hatred of his countrymen, and led them to accuse him before the Roman magistrates, and to his being sent a prisoner to Rome. See Ephesians 3:14b-17a (printed below) 2; and now, chap. comes to a point in his own Ego. on the authority of such MSS. On the construction, see above. It means Christ's prisoner. Some say that Ephesians reads like a commentary on the Pauline letters and probably it has been best termed the crown of Paulinism. The office is the prominent thought in the latter arrangement; the person, in the former. .—After much discussion of the construction of this verse, there seems little doubt that the nominative, “I, Paul,” must be carried on beyond the digression upon the mystery of the gospel, and his part in ministering it, which follows. Ephesians 3:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 3:1, NIV: "For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles--" Ephesians 3:1, ESV: "For this reason I, Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus on behalf of you Gentiles—" Ephesians 3:1, KJV: "For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles," "I Paul," am the agent employed by the Spirit to enlighten you, having been first enlightened myself by the same Spirit (Ephesians 3:3-5; Ephesians 3:9). Paul mentions he is a prisoner for the Gentiles, yet in Acts 28:17-28 he tells the Jews he is a prisoner for Israel. More than this, his very imprisonment was made useful by him in setting agencies in operation for the extension of the gospel among the Gentiles. v.), the Paris palimpsest, edited by Tischendorf in 1843. For this reason, I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus on behalf of you Gentiles (Ephesians 3:1) Paul was writing to the Ephesian Christians from the confinement of Roman imprisonment. , Paul first states the call of the Gentiles. (1) For this cause . The prisoner of Jesus Christ; one who is subjected to imprisonment for the cause of Jesus Christ. [203] Codex Sinaiticus (sæc. His very bonds were profitable to ("for" or "in behalf of you") Gentiles (Eph 3:13; 2Ti 2:10). Meyer's rendering is peculiar-deshalb-that you may be built-zu diesem Behufe bin Ich Paulus, der Gefesselte Christi Jesu um euret, der Heiden wi llen. For this cause, I Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus in behalf of you Gentiles ... For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ, ο δεσμιος του Χριστου Ιησου υπερ υμων των ετνων, ho desmios tou Christou Iēsou huper humōn tōn ethnōn, ἐν μέσῳ τεθεικὼς ἀναλαμβάνει τὸν περὶ προσευχῆς λόγον, "For this reason" refers to what Paul had said about God"s blessings that are now the possession of both Gentile and Jewish believers. In the former hypothesis, the connection thus stands—“I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles”—“even to me, less than the least of all saints, is this grace given.” But here there is no natural contact of ideas, and the change of case from the nominative to the dative, though vindicated by OEcumenius from examples in Thucydides and Demosthenes, is, as Origen affirms, a solecism, and is fatal to the hypothesis. ; next, his own divine commission as their apostle, 7-9; and last, what the mission imports, 10-12. 1; he next narrows to his Ephesian converts, chap. Since God has blessed us so greatly, Paul prayed that his readers would comprehend fully the extent of God"s love for them ( Ephesians 3:14-21). The object of his ministry was to make known the unsearchable riches of Christ, and enlighten men as to the purpose of redemption which had from eternity been hid in the divine mind, Ephesians 3:9. The prisoner of Jesus Christ; for Christ’s sake, for asserting his cause and honour: see 2 Timothy 1:8 Philemon 1:1,9. I Paul—And doubtless no human name so thrilled their hearts at the utterance as this I Paul. It was thus for the Gentiles that he was a prisoner; and there is probably also the further thought in the that Paul’s imprisonment was to be for their good, helpful to their Christian life. [198] Autograph of the original scribe of . The *temple of thegoddess (female god) Diana (or Artemis) was there. But such a supposition is not in harmony with the apostle's character. Submitted by admin on Fri, 2010-01-15 12:00. The majority of expositors adopt the view we have given, to wit, that Ephesians 3:14 resumes the interrupted sentiment. His Apostolic Office to Make Known the Mystery of Christ Revealed by the Spirit: Prayer that by the Same Spirit They May Comprehend the Vast Love of Christ: Doxology Ending This Division of the Epistle. Here he is a prisoner because he was preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles - the Gospel being the prime motivator, but specifically to the Gentiles because they are the people Paul was told to go to with the Gospel. So the Syr., Chrys., Mey. In behalf of you Gentiles. He was a prisoner, ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν τῶν ἐθνῶν, for you Gentiles. He marks Jesus' Messiahship as the origin of his being a "prisoner," owing to the jealousy of the Jews being roused at his preaching it to the Gentiles. His loss of liberty arose from no violation of law on his part: it was solely in prosecuting his mission that he was apprehended and confined; for he was in fetters-, ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν τῶν ἐθνῶν—“on behalf of you Gentiles,” a common sense of the preposition, which is repeated in Ephesians 3:12. It is far more elevated and more in keeping with Paul's character, for him to say, ‘Because you are now part of God's spiritual temple, I pray for your confirmation and growth;' than, ‘Because you are introduced into the communion of saints, I am a prisoner of Jesus Christ.'. for you Gentiles: because he preached the Gospel to the Gentiles, which the Jews forbid, that they might not be saved; and because he taught them, that circumcision and the rest of the ceremonies of the law were not binding upon them; which gave great offence to the Jews, who were the means of bringing of him into these circumstances, and particularly the Asiatic Jews, the Jews of Ephesus; who having seen and heard him there, knew him again when in the temple at Jerusalem, and raised a mob upon him, having bore a grudge against him for his ministry at Ephesus, by which means he became a prisoner; so that he might truly say, he was a prisoner for the sake of them; see Acts 21:27. 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